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Ghazi Umra Khan Jandoli

Posted by ZiafatAli on September 13, 2011 at 3:25 PM

Ghazi Umra Khan Jandoli also famous by the name,"Napoleon of Pathans", was born in 1860 in the

ruling family of Khan Aman Khan. Khan Aman Khan was the successor of his father Faiz Talab Khan

who belong the Mast Khel tribe a sub section of Tarkalani tribe of Pashtuns. Umra Khan got early

education at home from Qazi Abdul Jalil and the knowledge of Quran from Hafiz Abdul Manan.

Family Background: Tarkalani tribe was migrated from Afghanistan before 1523 to help their brother

tribe Yousaf Zai against the Dalazak Khan of Jandol. Afterward this tribe also settled in the area of

Maidan, Barawal, Jandol, Mohmand and Salarzai.Kaka Zai, Yousaf Zai, Ismail Zai and Salar Zai are

the sub tribes of Tarkalani Tribe derived the names from the names of the four sons of Tarkalani

Baba. Tarkalan baba distributed his territory in his sons by giving Jandol and Barawal to Esa,

Maidan and lower parts of Bara Wal to his son Ismail. Later on Jandol was sub divided among Musa

Khel, Shekhel, Alibeg Khel and Mast Khel. These branches are collectively known as Esa Zai.

Similarly Barawal and Maidan were also subdivided among Aka khel, Boja Khel, Atrafi and Kalot

Khel collectively known as Ismail Zai. Mast Ali Khan Baba: Since long time the Tarkalani tribes had

no system of united governing and each Village and area was populated by individual Khans

(leaders) who were recognizing each others but at the end of 17th century The area was suffered

from starvation and looting and violence was erupted, the people from different areas came and

looting the people of Jandol. This situation compelled the elders of Jandol to think about a strong

system to ensure peace in the area. In 1744, a gathering of the elders of the people was held and

they nominated Mast Ali Khan Baba as the Khan of Jandol who was a wise, noble and religious

person. He was born in the village of Getkay (area of Swara Ghwandai Jandol). As a religious

scholar he got great respect in the area. He was the only son of a pious widow. Mast Ali Khan was a

wise and intelligent person and soon he established peace and justice in the area. He was delivering

peaches, listening to the peoples problem and settling the conflicts, large number of people came

from far long areas to listen him. In fact this was the first stone of the Mast Khel rule in Jandol laid

down by Mast Ali Khan Baba. He was died in 1755 and was buried in his village Qandhari in Jandol.

These days Mast Khel is largely populated in the villages like Qandhari, Tangi, Shena, Swara

Ghwandai, Damtal, Kamngara but a large number migrated to Peshawar and Karachi as well. After

the death of Mast Ali Khan Baba his family shifted to Smarbagh and his son Khan Ayub Khan

became the Khan of Jandol who not only got influence in the area but also developed an armed

force. He ruled from 1755 to 1790.After his death his son Khan Hayat Khan (1790 to 1821) got the

power and he worked for the development of Jandoli and divided Jandol administratively in four

zones and appointed his sons as the administrators. His elder son Khan Ghaffar Khan was given

upper Jandol, lower Jandol to Faiz Talab Khan, Jan Bhatai (Barawal) to Feroz Khan and Maidan was

given to Shah Nazar.At the end stage he handed over the powers to his elder son Ghaffar Khan.

Khan Ghaffar Khan leaded Jandol from 1821 to 1850.He became the strongest Khan of Jandol. He

developed Jandol in each field. At the same time in the state of Dir Khan Gazan Khan was the

strongest Khan of Dir.The daughter of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was married with Khan Rahmat

Khan, the son of Khan Gazan Khan. After the death of Ghaffar Khan his brother Faiz Talab Khan

(1850 to 1875) got the control of Jandol by force from Amanat Khan who was the son of Ghaffar

Khan. He revolted many times but could not succeed against Faiz Talab Khan, who was no doubt

proved himself a strong and wise leader and strengthen him self by developing organized armed

force. His strength can be judges from the battle of Ambella against the British government of India in

which he took part with about 6000 soldiers. After the death of Faiz Talab Khan his son Khan Aman

Khan became the Khan of Jandol but soon died and a fight for the powers was started among his

sons, Umra khan along with his younger brother Mohammad Shah Khan were kept in exile by the

elder brothers Mohammad Zaman Khan, Hasan Khan and Afzal Khan. The elder brothers divided

Jandol among themselves. This time was the time of crises and Anarchy like situation because on

one hand the sons of Khan Aman Khan were fighting against each others and on the other hand the

Amanat Khan the son of Ghaffar khan once again started struggles to regain the rule of Jandol. This

was the time when the enmity between the two families of Mast Khel became grievous which

consequently leaded to their weakness. Ghazi Umra Khan: The early days of exile Umra Khan spent

some time with Tor Lali Khan of Utman Khel and then got asylum with Ghulam Mohammad Khan of

Pachigram Swat and stayed their for about six months. In 1880 Umra Khan went for Hajj with a

renowned religious scholar Pir Syed Ahmad Shah who were preaching in Ala Dand.That was the

time when a movement was running against the Indian British government known as Waliullah

Movement, during performing hajj Umra Khan met with Maulana Mahmood ul Hasan and Maulana

Rashid Ahmad Gangohi who were prominent figures of the foresaid movement.Umra Khan was

greatly inspired by them and they decided that Umra Khan has to organize an armed force within

Tarkalani and Yousaf Zai Tribes. After returning from Hajj (according to many elders and sources) his

younger brother got wounded his mouth by a dry piece of bread and at that time Umra Khan owed

that he will got the power of Jandol. After this decision he came to Jandol very quietly and killed his

elder brother. A very strong story about the event is still remembered to elder people that after the

death of his brother Umra Khan was surrounded by the guards to kill him but his mother came out

and asked the guards that I have lost my one eye, You people are going to destroy my other one and

her these words compelled the guards to let him alive and on the very next day Umra Khan declared

himself as khan of Jandol. Umra Khan in a short period of time got the confidence of people, he

formed a forum of elders of the area and assured them that he will give Islamic judiciary system and

he proved by his style of governing and justified decisions. Soon his brothers Hasan Khan and

Mohammad Afzal Khan with the soldiers of Khan Rahmat Khan of Dir defeated him at a battle fought

at Mayar. Umra Khan got the help of Dilarm Khan of Bajawar and defeated his brothers at Sadbar

Kalay. His brothers flee toward Bajawar and Umra Khan asked the opponent Khans of the area to

surrender and on refusal he started attacks and in a short time he got control of the whole of Jandol.

After controlling the powers he gave attention towards reforms like an organized army, constructions

of forts and legislations. Smarbagh was declared the headquarter and in other areas he appointed

Tehsildars. On the other hand he sent a delegation to the British Commissioner at Peshawar and

established relations with the British government, in response the British government warmly

welcome his friendship and recognized the state of Jandol. In the light of the meeting held at Makka

Mukarama with the Maulana Mahmood ul Hasan and Maulana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi it is quite

clear that by extending hand of friendship towards the British government, Umra Khan wanted to

strengthen his economy and armed forces and the coming events proved that he was really worked

for a united strong force against the British. During that meeting with the commissioner many

agreements were signed between the two parties. As mentioned early that Maidan and Barawal was

part of Jandol but Khan Qasim Khan of Dir occupied and brought these areas under the control of Dir

state in 1816.In about 62 years Umra Khan was the first Khan of Jandol who unveiled his sword to

regain his area from Dir. From 1882 onward many battles were fought between Dir and Jandol. The

famous battles fought during this period include battles fought at Malala, Khazana, Walai, Talash,

Maidan, Balambat and Shehzadi. Mean while Mian Gul Abdul Hanan, the Wali of Swat joined hands

with the Khan of Dir against Umra Khan because Umra Khan refused to give the area of Shamozai

(Adenzai) which he was occupied from Khan of Dir on the request of Wali Swat. Umra Khan played

same game with Pana Kot Khan and Amirul Mulk of Chitral./

 

If we analyze these events in the light of Umra Khan Character, who was hosnet, relegious

and having great moral qualities and the meeting of Umra Khan with the Mahmood ul Hasan

and Rashid Ahmad Gangohi in Makka, it becomes quite clear that the aim of Umra Khan

Activities was no more than to establish a strong and united state. After the refusal of Umra

Khan the forces of Dir and Swat attacked on Umra Khan army in Adenzai from two sides but

after a bloodshed fight the united army of Dir and Swat was defeated and Mian Gul Abdul

Hanan with his prominent people were arrested and shifted to Jandol. Later on the request of

a delegation from Swat they were released. In 1884, Umra Khan attacked on Dir areas and

captured the forts of Shehzadi, Balambat, Kohna Dair (Haji abad) and Timergra and in the

result of an agreement with Bandai Khan Maidan became a part of Jandol. It shows the

wisdom if Umra Khan who got control of Maidan with out any offence and in this way about

half of Dir came under control of Jandol. From 1888 t0 1890, many battles were fought

between Dir and Jandol and also in Jandol and Nawa gai. In Maidan and Nawa gai battles

Umra Khan was defeated but he did not lose heart. In the battle of Nawagai the commander

of Umra khan army was killed, and on the news of defeats in the battle historians recorded

these famous words of Umra Khan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Means that O, Khan of Nawagai I will punish you but the girls of Mian Kalay will not see your

defeat."

And after a short period of time a heavy blood shed battle was fought between the two and

Nawagai Khan was defeated and this is an amazing co incidence that in the first battle the

commander of Umra Khan Army was killed while in the second war the army commander of

Nawagai khan was killed. In 1890 Umra khan decided to once resolve the matters with Dir

state. He divided his force in two parts, The first on leaded by himself with about 4000

soldiers and khan of Bandai Maidan Khan Sardar Khan advanced from Barawal Banda side

while the second part which was commanding by his brother Mohammad Shah Khan with

3000 thousands men attacked from Walai Kando side on Balambat. That time Khan

Mohammad Sharif Khan was the Nawab of Dir. His soldiers resisted but could not stay

before the Jandoli soldiers, Mohammad Shah khan faced strong resistance at the fort of

Bebyawar but he defeated the defenders and got advanced toward Dir upper. At Chukyatan

near the headquarter of upper Dir the two parts of the Jandoli army met and invaded Dir. The

Nawab soldiers fought and resisted but could not save the rule of Mohammad Sharif Khan.

He left Dir with his family and loyal and went to Nehag Dara.Umra Khan left his brother

Mohammad Shah Khan as governor of Dir and returned to Jandol via Shahi pass. Later on

ordered Mohammad Sharif khan to leave Dir as he was busy in conspiracies against

Mohammad Shah Khan there fore Khan of Dir was exiled to Swat. In 1891 Mohammad Sharif

Khan along with prominent figures of different areas of Dir went to Afghanistan to get help but

Amir Abdur Rahman the king of Afghanistan refused and Mohammad Sharif Khan back to

Swat and lived in exile. This was the time when Umra Khan was the strong ruler of the area,

He also invaded the areas of Swat and captured Nekbe Khel, Doshkhel, Shamozai, Mian

brongola and Badwan and extended the boundaries of Jandol. Umra Khan enforced the

Islamic system of Ushar (Every Muslim has to pay 10% of his income from land). In 1991 to

Sadat Khan of Rani Zai was exiled by his local rival Sharif khan, Sadat khan was the brother

in law of Umra Khan. Umra Khan warned Sharif Khan to give the area of Sadat Khan but he

refused. Umra Khan sent a force and after a heavy battle Sharif Khan was defeated and

Umra Khan nominated Sadat Khan as Khan of the whole Rani Zai. After Controlling Rani Zai

Umra Khan advanced towards Skha Kot and captured some areas of Skha Kot but he faced

strong resistance and stopped further advancement. He built a fort just ahead Skha Kot and

brought the area under the rule of Jandol. Umra Khan tried to extend the boundaries of Jandol

up to Peshawar there fore he invaded Bajawar but he could not succeeded as Wilayat Khan

of Bajawar strongly resisted and defeated him. At this juncture I would like to throw some light

on the role of the British government, The British government kept keen eyes on the activities

of Umra Khan and they were feeling danger in the rapidly extending rule of Jandol state but

they remained quite until the Invasion of Umra Khan on Asmar(Afghanistan) provided them

the opportunity there fore as the Afghan Government presented complaints against Umra

Khan attack on Asmar to the British government, the Indian British government secretary Lord

Rifon wrote a letter to Umra khan and warn Umra Khan that "You are asked to refrain yourself

from such aggressions ".Umra Khan tried to explain but the British government was no more

happy with him. Invasion on Chitral: (N.B) (Captain Young Husband wrote in his book the

relief of Chitral that if Umra Khan could continued his relations with the British government

than he will be the only ruler from Peshawar to Chitral.). It was 1892 when Mehtar of Chitral

Amanul Mulk exiled his son Amir ul Mulk that he was allegedly involved in planning of revolt

against his father. Umra Khan was the son in law of Mehtar Aman ul Mulk. Amir Ul Mulk came

to Jandol and requested Umra Khan for help, Umra Khan provided force to Amir l Mulk and

he invaded Chitral and occupied Valley Nusrat, Arando and Barikot. Umra Khan built here

two forts and a bridge on river Chitral for communication purposes. Mehtar Aman ul Mulk

wrote a letter to the British government and complained against Umra Khan. The British

government as told early was afraid of the rapidly growing powers of Umra Khan and they

already warn Umra Khan to stop his invasive activities. The Political agent of Gilgit wrote

Umra Khan to left Chitral or he will be out from India by force. Mean while after the death, his

sons were fighting for powers and after many killings the step brother of Amanul Mulk came

from Afghanistan and defeated and killed Afzal ul Mulk who became Mehtar after the death of

Aman ul Mulk. The elder son of Aman ul Mulk from Gilgit got help from the British government

and defeated Sher Afzal who went escaped back to Afghanistan. In 1894, Umra Khan

attacked on the Kelash valley which was the land of Non Muslims and they were also attacked

by Amir Abdur Rahman from Afghanistan. This was the time when the spirit of Jihad was

present in the hearts of the leadership. Umra Khan send his cousin Mir Agha but he was

defeated, Umra Khan send another about three hundred soldiers in the command of Abdul

Majeed but once again they were defeated. Umra Khan ordered his soldiers not to come

back to Jandol until the Kelash Non Muslim surrender or accept Islam, and Umra Khan with

four thousands of soldiers advanced to Chitral despite of the extreme cold and snow fall he

passed Lawari top and invite the people of Kamdesh to accept Islam,

They accepted Islam and Umra Khan advanced and on refusal of the people he kept the whole

Gardesh in siege. After facing great resistance Umra Khan got control of the whole Basghal valley

which was the head quarter of Kelash nation. During fight Umra Khan used complete force but he

advised his army that they will never be allowed to kill any innocent or injured the peaceful people. To

decrease the stress and fear of the local non Muslims Umra Khan married there not only himself but

encouraged his soldiers to marry there. Due to these positive and humanitarian behaviors a large

number of the non Muslims embraced Islam. As a result Umra Khan became the hero of Nooristan

Valley (previously known as Kafiristan). On these invasions the British Commissioner of Peshawar

send message to Umra Khan to stop his aggression but Umra Khan replied that this area is not part

of Chitral and this is my religious duty to invite them to Islam. Despite of the reservations of the

British government Umra Khan on returning from Nooristan occupied from Nusrat valley to Ashrait

village. Mehtar Chitral Nizam ul Mulk requested the British Political agent to stop Umra Khan. On

one hand the British Political agent once again warn Umra Khan and made preparation to advance

to Chitral while on the other hand Mehtar Nizam ul Mulk was Killed and his younger brother Amir ul

Mulk became the Mehtar of Chitral. Umra Khan got the opportunity and in 1895 he occupied a vast

area of Chitral. He further invaded on Drosh and after a strong resistance Amir Ul Mulk lost the

control of Drosh. That was the time when the British government could not remained impartial and

the British army advanced from Gilgit to Chitral via Shandor.If the British army made delay then the

occupying the whole Chitral was a few days work for Umra Khan. The British army was commanded

by Captain Cambil. The British army continued their way to Chitral in a very cold weather and heavy

snow fall and stayed Gherat. Sir Robertson wrote to Umra Khan that," If he will not vacate his army,

the British army will throw him out". The Jandoli army marched towards the British camp and

exchange of a minor fire was the actual start of the British government and Umra Khan. The British

army occupied the Chitral fort and sends another letter to Umra Khan to vacate Chitral. According to

Sir Robertson the number of their soldiers was 543.On 3rd March a heavy fight was started in which

22 non commissioned officers along with Captain Baird, Gen.Baj Sing and Maj Bhikam were killed

and Cap.Kambil along with 28 soldiers were wounded. From 3rd march when the British

government entered in the fort they remained in siege until April, 19 because the Umra Khan army

completely surrounded the fort. Immediately the Commissioner Peshawar was informed. On March,

7th the letter of Sir Robertson was reached to Delhi in which he explained his weak position and the

Spirit of Jihad of the Muslim in which they were supporting Umra Khan. On 15th march during a

minor fight the Jandoli soldiers arrested Lieutenant Edward and Lieutenant Pawlar and were

presented to Umra Khan in Drosh.They were sent to Jandol. The weak position and low moral can

be understand from the letter wrote by Sir Robertson to the Indian government, he wrote," The

evening closed in and we sat down to our frugal dinner of inferior horse meat and spoiled rice".

According to the writer of the book,'Gumnam Reyast", the British government was decided to finish

the rule of Umra Khan because they were worried about the intentions of Umra Khan. He further

wrote that the British government was looking that from a small area Umra Khan extended the

boundaries of his state up to Drosh in North, Skha Kot in south, Nooristan Valley, some parts of

Bajawar, Adin Zai, and about half of Swat. They also noted his attack on Afghanistan, invasion on

Chitral, attack on Kafiristan (Kelash) and his slogan of unity of the different Pathans tribes and his

promises of the establishment of Islamic laws were the basics of his popularity and a threat for the

British government. The writer of,"Gumnam Reyast further wrote that," The British government now

realized that the Umra Khan attacks on the surrounding areas were not limited but he was trying to

establish an independent state from Hindu Kash to Peshawar,". On this stage the British

government on hand prepared 20,000 soldiers in Peshawar and on the other hand once again

started their favorite game of divide and rule. They sort out the opponent of Umra Khan and took

them in confidence. The first one was Khan Mohammad Sharif Khan who was living in exile, on the

invitation of the British government when the relief force reached to Dargai, Mohammad Sharif Khan

was present there to welcome them. In this meeting of the two parties some Khans of Mardan like

Khan Bahadar, Khwaja Mohammad Khan Hoti, Sarfaraz Khan, Rahim Shah, and Yar Mohammad

Khan Badrashi played important role.

The second important move of British government was the contact with those religious persons who

were against Umra Khan and as the followers of SAIDO BABA of Swat were against Umra Khan

due to his occupation of the Swat areas, they started propaganda against Umra Khan. Amongst

them a well known was Mukrani Mullah who was exiled to Afghanistan by Umra Khan, came back

and issued written handbills in which he declared that Umra Khan is not an Islamic ruler and

supporting him against the British is not Jehad.Thouh people of Dir Swat and Malakand still stood

with Umra Khan but this propaganda caused a big damage to Umra Khan efforts for uniting people

against the British Government. Similarly the British took a large number of powerful Khawaneen

(leaders of different villages) and fixed monthly allowances for them. After these preparations the

British Army moved towards Malakand and the mission was given the name of,"The relief of

Chitral".The total number of the British Army was about 20000 including artillery and engineering

cores.Sir Robert law was the commander of the army. On April 3, 1895 the British Army arrived at

malakand, on the other hand despite of anti Umra Khan Propaganda a large number of people from

Dir, Swat, Bunir and Bajawar reached to Malakand to join the Jihad against the British. The number

of the Pathans was about 12000 but only about 3000 soldiers were equipped with old design rifles

while the rest of the people had swords, oxes and wooden rods etc. But the British army used their

artillery (Similarly like these days the war in Afghanistan when American soldiers could not got

courage to face the Afghans on the land and regularly using their air force.) Sir Robertson Churchill

has given this battle the name of,"Malakand storm". Different British writers appreciated the zeal

and enthusiasm of the Pashtuns in the battle of Malakand, they very honestly praising the courage of

the Pashtuns. At the end the British succeeded but they lost at least 87 dead and 41 injured and the

number of the Muslims martyred and injured were many more than the British but on the top of

Malakand every body can easily find the Yadgar (Grave yard of Martyrs of 1895) with a small

mosque and the grave yard of Christians at some distance. The next fight was fought at Amandara

where again the British army brutally used their artillery against humans which badly damaged the

Muslims strength and balance of power of both the forces can be estimated from the fact that in the

battle of Amandara only 30 British soldiers were killed while 800 Mujahideen presented their blood

for the sack of Allah and their home land. At April 7, 1895 the British army appeared at Chikdara,

Umra Khan sent his brother Mohammad Shah Khan with 3000 soldiers to stop the British. At

 

At Chikdara despite of a big difference between the two forces Mohammad Shah Khan stop

the British at least for five hours but he could not continue his resistance furthers more and he

retreated from the field. The British army ruined that historical fort of Ramora and started

moving towards Timergara via Talash. Through out the way to Timergara the Mujahidin

continued sudden attacks on the British army and kept them in a persistent fear and trouble.

On April 11, 1895 the British army reached to Saido and stayed there to prepare for crossing

river Panjkora. The engineering core developed a bridge on the river and when about half of

the army were crossed the river, the bridge was washed out by the flooded waves and at the

same time the Mujahidin attacked from Kamrani top. It was not too far that the half of British

army will be destroyed by Mujahidin but once again from the opposite bank of the river they

used their artillery but still the British army lost colonel Kalbot, captain Filebz, colonel Betaye

along with 23 soldiers. On April 17, 1895 the British army once again faced Mujahidin at

Gosam, it is the mid way to Munda which was the strong fort of Umra Khan. Once again the

British army use artillery and about 300 Mujahidin were martyred while 3 British soldiers were

killed. Till that time the cousin and army commander of Umra Khan Abdul Majeed Khan was in

Chitral with 4000 soldiers and with most of the weapons. Now Umra Khan was struggling

together different tribes and to have a final fight with the British but when he asked Abdul

Majeed to immediately move to Jandol, He used Delay tactics and did not come as he was

sold himself for a few rupees and the greed of the rule of Jandol. In Munda Umra Khan was

accompanied by 1000 of soldiers. When the British army reached to Munda, Sir Robert Law

sent a letter to Umra Khan for negotiations but in fact he was in the struggle to arrest Umra

Khan as per Delhi orders. In response Umra Khan replied ," I am surrounded by thousands of

Mujahidin they will not let me negotiate there fore you send your army back and I will send mine

then we will have a meeting in the field but Sir Robertson refused this proposal as he was

actually not interested in Negotiations. Umra Kan was very dishearten by the role of some

mullahs and his cousin who betrayed him in a critical situation and now with only 1000 soldiers

he very rightly decided to leave Jandol. At that evening Umra Khan was in Munda fort with the

elders of different parts of the area and held a meeting with them. After offering the evening

prayer he came out and addressed his soldiers. ," He said, if I had 1600 brave soldiers in

Malakand the British will never cross Malakand. He further told that I am not defeated by the

enemy rather I am defeated by my relatives and friends. By this defeat I have lost my state but

many have lost their faith. He showed the pamphlet of Mukrani Mullah in which he stopped

people from jihad and then he said that I will come back with army from Afghanistan and will

fight with enemies till the last breath. He told the people to loot the fort and then he left Jandol

with forty soldiers. Umra Khan was warmly welcomed in Afghanistan and he was given proper

protocol and facilities but what for Umra Khan went to Afghanistan that is to establish an army,

The Afghan government did not allow him to involved in such activitis.He devoted him self for

social works and established a Madrassa.He was died at Charda Afghanistan at the age of

44. His burial ceremony was attended by Amir Abdurrahman and other officials of the

government. The Afghan government announced two day leave in the grief of Umra Khan's

death and He was given the title of Sardar Bahadar. The writer of the book Gumnam Reyasat

wrote in his book,' our new generation is perhaps do not know about Umra Khan while many

British writers wrote about him. He further writes that the Umra Khan war against British was

the second major event against the British after the war of Independence 1857, and it is a

bright chapter of the Pakistan and especially Dir history.

Ref:1-From memories of my Late Father Dr.Mohammad Yaqub Khan.

......2-Memories of my Uncle Khan Shezada at chikdara.

.......3-Dr.Mohammad Yaqub Khan life and work by Ali Abbas Khan MA thesis Gvernment post

Graduate College Mansehra.

.......4- The life and achievements of Ghazi Umra Khan by Abdul Hamid Dirvi .

.......5- The English books ,"Relief of Chitral and Chitral Compain, by British writers.

........6- But the most important Source which help me summerising the scattered informations

about the history of Dir is the Book ,"GUMNAM REYASAT" a valuable book on the history of

Dir, I have ever seen written by Suleman Sahid.


For More Visit :

http://www.britishbattles.com/north-west-frontier-india/seige-relief-chitral.htm

The Siege and Relief of Chitral The remarkable incident in 1895 in a mountainous region beyond the North West Frontier of British India that captured the imagination of contemporary Victorian Britain. 

Date: 3rd March to 20th April 1895.

Place:  Chitral, now in Northern Pakistan.

War:  The Siege and Relief of Chitral 1895.

 





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9 Comments

Reply murad ali mastkhel
9:55 AM on October 14, 2012 
I am murad ali mastkhel belong from mastkhel family ,Thanks for your kind infromation and your effort
for furher information kindly please send me my e.mail address
[email protected]
[email protected]
Reply M Z Khan
6:12 PM on January 11, 2013 
Salam,

Brillaint work. I am Tarkalan and Musakhel and really wanted to know about my roots. This article was so engaging and detailed. Thanks once again.

Cheers
Reply GHANI KHAN MASTKHEL
8:31 AM on January 12, 2013 
I M GHANI KHAN MASTKHEL..THANKS FOR BRINGING OUR HISTORY IN THE LIMELIGHT.
Reply ZiafatAli
8:44 AM on January 12, 2013 
Thanks for all for supporting our efforts and its my pleasure that i give a light of great OMARA khan"s Life ...:)
Reply Qazi Zia
1:42 AM on May 29, 2013 
Dear bro, i am tarkalani and from maternal side i am mast khel. I have a suggestion for u that you have left one resourse that is "THE GREAT GAME".
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To My Mother.......

If the whole world were put into 1 scale,

and my mother in the other,

the whole world would kick the beam...

           
        

My Miracle Mother

Mom, I look at you

and see a walking miracle.

Your unfailing love without limit,

your ability to soothe my every hurt,

the way you are on duty, unselfishly,

every hour, every day,

makes me so grateful

that I am yours, and you are mine.

With open arms and open heart,

with enduring patience & inner strength,

you gave so much for me,

sometimes at your expense.

You are my teacher,

my comforter, my encourager,

appreciating all, forgiving all.

Sometimes I took you for granted, Mom,

but I don’t now, and I never will again.

I know that everything I am today

relates to you and your loving care.

I gaze in wonder

as I watch you being you—

my miracle, my mother




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